Soil Micro-Organisms | Effect on Plant Health
In the Natural World, every living creature and organism relies on others within its ecosystem to perform their “natural” tasks. Likewise, the most important composition of a healthy soil would be – Soil Micro-Organisms. That is accomplished with Organic Matter.
Transforms elements in the soil from one chemical form to another. Microbes release (make available to the plant): Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sulfur, Iron, Carbon, Calcium and other elements
Breaks down present/local matter so that it is useful for plants. Fertility levels are increased/soluble, managing how calcium, magnesium and potassium are supplied to the plant
Decreases need for chemical pesticides in the soil
Eradicates disease causing organisms
Micro-Organisms in the Soil
Beneficial micro-organisms exist in a symbiotic relationship in the soil to benefit plants, the total of which makes up an immense population of living organisms. Common soil micro-organisms are:
- Bacteria – Small, single-cell organisms are the oldest, most primitive, most abundant type of microbes in healthy soils that multiply rapidly with the proper balancing of Carbon, Calcium, Heat, PH and water. Bacteria feed on young plant material (tender and full of sugar), acts as the main decomposer, and break down other organic matter to feed the plant through mineralization.
- Fungus – Beneficial Mycorrhizae form a symbiotic relationship with plant roots, internally and externally, through hyphae, to increase root mass for water and nutrient absorption. Mycorrhizae fungi connect the plant with soil, eating bacteria and acting as a decomposer of other microbes; and, is an agent of nutrient exchange to the plants more complex tissues. The fungi receive carbohydrates from the host plant root, which they use for energy.
- Fungus – Trichoderma fungi moves through the soil as a place holder, acts as a bio-fertilizer, soil probiotic, soil inoculant, biological soil enhancement and plant growth promoter.
- Sea Kelp (algae) – Both blue-green and yellow-green produce energy through photosynthesis, and cell division, resulting in stronger root systems, and stronger resistance to disease and insect infestations.
- Humates – Humates contribute to the soil’s holding capacity, act as stimulants to other chemical agents and increase soil stability, enhances nutrient content, encourages multiplication of microbes and aids in aerating soil.
Soil micro-organisms are living, breathing organisms eating their way through the earth in a symbiotic relationship with the plant that provides oxygen and sugars as food from the sun. They consume amino acids, vitamins, and needed chemical compounds. These nutrients come from organic matter in the soil that they feed on. The symbiosis is complete as they, too, are part of the plant life cycle.
Balance is the key to the entire process being a success or not. “Not”, would mean, “not only” does the plant die, but all of the bacteria, fungus and other microbes must now focus on getting their food from somewhere else before they get eaten. Soil microbes, too, have been known to assist with water retention.
Oxygen levels are necessary for healthy microbes. Compacted soil has less oxygen and less water holding capability. The above nutrients efficiently manage these problems. (space holder—)
Water management Gel
With these priorities – soil composition, oxygen levels and water availability a priority; additionally a gel management product is essential for water and nutrient management.
“The Soil Micro-Organisms listed above are the most important elements of a healthy soil system. Take advantage of these benefits and bio-stimulants that work with plants in this symbiotic relationship. Products are available at Horticultural alliance for every application.”
James Quinn, Founder Horticultural Alliance, Inc.
At Horticultural Alliance, we like to search for more ways to replicate the biosphere of the Forest…Rainforest…”Nature’s Way”. These Ecosystems are successful partly because of the lush warm environment. In addition, the exchange of microbes is never ending and best promoted with the appropriate aeration for Oxygen in the soil and water management. You will find in Horticultural Alliance’s products, the exact balance needed to accomplish aeration and water management. Take a look at the website and locate the product necessary for your application.
Visit: www.horticulturalalliance.com/ go to Landscaping DIEHARD™ Transplant (for trees and shrubs)
Wells Rawls 941-739-9121 800/628-6373
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